Saturday, March 30, 2013

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Land Rover Vehicle Recovery

This chapter describes a few of the more common field vehicle recovery procedures – operations you can perform with limited resources. In any of these operations, remember to use brainpower to make up for a lack of available horsepower. Take your time in figuring your rigging and include a reasonable factor for safety. Sloppy planning results in wasted time and may further damage your vehicle and equipment as well as injure yourself and others. Recovery failures are often the direct result of haste.

Many military trucks are equipped with winches. how how to get the most from a winch without danger to personnel or abuse to the equipment. For Army Only: Your vehicle technical manual completely describes the winch on your vehicle and details of its operation, care, and maintenance. FM 20-22 explains general characteristics, effective capacities, and details for use. To ensure your safety, the protection of your equipment, and the success of your recovery operation, use the following as a guide:
- Check the capacity of your winch. The capacity shown on the manufacturer’s plate is the maximum with one layer of cable on the drum. Each successive layer increases the diameter of the drum and reduces the winch capacity to as little as 50 percent of the rated capacity when the last layer is being wound on the drum.
- Check the cable for rust, kirks, or frays.
- Estimate the total resistance. Consider grade or slope, weight of the vehicle, and type of terrain. Then add a reasonable factor for safety.
- Check your equipment. Be sure you rig safely to overcome the resistance with the equipment available.
- Select or provide a suitable anchor. Remember, the purpose of this operation is to recover a vehicle, not to pull stumps.
- Rig and check rigging. Do not put power on your winch until you check every element in your rigging and are satisfied that you made no mistakes.
- Clear personnel from the danger area. All persons observing the operation should stand outside the angle formed by the cable under stress at a distance at least equal to the distance between the two most distant points in the rigging. Clear personnel away before tightening the cable.

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